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Discussion 04.1: Motion to Suppress

Paper details Timmy ‘da thief’ Edwards was riding in the backseat of a car when it was pulled over by the state police in Nowhere, Arizona. The officers had scanned the license of the car and found that it was “expired.” Although the stop was solely predicated on the expired plate, the officers began to question the car’s occupants, including Timmy, about criminal activity in the area. Based on certain circumstantial evidence, such as Timmy’s possession of a police scanner, and a guilty look on his face, the officers asked Timmy to exit the car so that they could question him further. Although Timmy was free to stay in the car, he voluntarily exited and a subsequent search of his person by the officers revealed a stolen handgun and a small amount of marijuana. Based on evidence obtained during this search, Timmy was charged in Arizona state court of (1) the unlawful possession of a weapon as a prohibited possessor and (2) possession of marijuana. Timmy’s attorney has filed a motion to suppress the evidence alleging this was an unlawful search and seizure.

If your last name begins with A-M, post as Timmy’s defense lawyer, arguing that the officer violated the rules and the evidence should be suppressed. Explain why.
If your last name begins with N-Z, post as the prosecutor arguing that the officer committed no violation. Explain why.
Your replies should be rebuttals to the opposing party’s arguments. Make sure you refer back to cases we have covered to make your argument.

Writer’s Choice

Paper details Write an interesting sentence for each key term
Course Name ECE110 The exceptional child

Jessica Figueroa July 4, 2021 Chapter 4
Key terms
1. Acquisition stage of learning- The initial phase of learning when students are learning how to perform a new skill or use new knowledge. Feedback should focus on the accuracy and topography of a student’s response, compared with the practice stage of learning.
2. Active student response – A frequency based measure of a student’s active participation during instruction. Measured by counting the number of observable responses made to a lesson.
3. Adaptive behavior – Is the collection of conceptional, social, and practical skills that have been learned and performed by people in order to function in their everyday lives.
4. Amniocentesis – The insertion of a hollow needle through the abdomen into the uterus of a pregnant woman. It’s used to obtain amniotic fluid to determine the presence of genetic and chromosomal abnormalities. It can also determine the gender of the fetus.
5. Chorionic villi sampling – A procedure for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities that can be conducted during the first 8 to 10 weeks of pregnancy. Fetal cells are removed from the chorionic tissues, which surround the fetus and directly analyzed.
6. Down syndrome – A chromosomal anomaly that often causes moderate to severe mental retardation, along with certain physical characteristics such as a large tongue, heart problems, poor muscle tone, and a broad flat bridge on nose.

7. Fragile X syndrome – A chromosomal abnormality associated with mild to severe mental retardation. Thought to be the most common known cause of inherited intellectual disabilities.
8. Generalization – The extent to which previously learned knowledge or skill either occurs under conditions different those under which it was learned or is performed in a different but functionally equivalent manner
9. Genetic counseling – A specially trained medical counselor having a discussion with parents who are considering having a baby with a disability based on the prospective parents genetic background.
10. Intellectual disability – Is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and practical adaptive behaviors as expressed in conceptual social, and practical adaptive skills. The disability originated before the age 18. It refers to the same population of individuals who were diagnosed previously with mental retardation.
11. Maintenance – Is the extent to which a learner continues to exhibit a previously learned behavior after a portion or all of the instructional intervention originally used to teach the skills was terminated.
12. Normal curve – A mathematically derived curve depicting the theoretical pro ability of a given variable in the general population.
13. Normalization – The belief that individuals with disabilities should do the maximum extent possible. They should be physically and socially integrated into the mainstream of society regardless of their degree or type of disability. As an approach to intervention, the use of progressively more normal settings and procedures to establish or maintain personal behaviors which are as culturally normal as possible.
14. Norm- referenced test – A test conducted so that a person’s score can be compared with others of the same age or grade level. Contrast with the criterion referenced test.
15. Perinatal – Occurring at or immediately after birth.

16. Phenylketonuria – An inherited metabolic disease that can cause severe mental retardation can now be detected at birth, and the detrimental effects can be prevented with a special diet.
17. Pica – A form of self injurious behavior in which the person ingests non nutritive substances, exhibited by some people with moderate to severe mental retardation.
18. Positive reinforcement – Presentation of a stimulus or event immediately after a response has been emitted, which has the primary effect of increasing the occurrence of similar responses in the future.
19. Postnatal – Occurring after birth.
20. Practice stage of learning – After a student has learned how to perform a new
skill, he should work to develop fluency with the target skill. Feedback during this stage should emphasize the rate or speed with which the student correctly performs the new skill. Compared with the acquisition stage of learning.
21. Prenatal – Occurring before birth
22. Rubella – German measles, when contracted by a woman during the first
trimester of pregnancy, may cause visual impairments, hearing impairments,
intellectual disabilities, or other congenital impairments in a child.
23. Standard deviation – describes how a particular score varies from mean, or
average, of all the scores in the norming sample.
24. Task analysis – Breaking a complex skill or chain of behaviors into smaller, and
teachable units.

Writer’s Choice

Paper details Write an interesting sentence for each key term
Course Name ECE110 The exceptional child

Jessica Figueroa July 4, 2021 Chapter 4
Key terms
1. Acquisition stage of learning- The initial phase of learning when students are learning how to perform a new skill or use new knowledge. Feedback should focus on the accuracy and topography of a student’s response, compared with the practice stage of learning.
2. Active student response – A frequency based measure of a student’s active participation during instruction. Measured by counting the number of observable responses made to a lesson.
3. Adaptive behavior – Is the collection of conceptional, social, and practical skills that have been learned and performed by people in order to function in their everyday lives.
4. Amniocentesis – The insertion of a hollow needle through the abdomen into the uterus of a pregnant woman. It’s used to obtain amniotic fluid to determine the presence of genetic and chromosomal abnormalities. It can also determine the gender of the fetus.
5. Chorionic villi sampling – A procedure for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities that can be conducted during the first 8 to 10 weeks of pregnancy. Fetal cells are removed from the chorionic tissues, which surround the fetus and directly analyzed.
6. Down syndrome – A chromosomal anomaly that often causes moderate to severe mental retardation, along with certain physical characteristics such as a large tongue, heart problems, poor muscle tone, and a broad flat bridge on nose.

7. Fragile X syndrome – A chromosomal abnormality associated with mild to severe mental retardation. Thought to be the most common known cause of inherited intellectual disabilities.
8. Generalization – The extent to which previously learned knowledge or skill either occurs under conditions different those under which it was learned or is performed in a different but functionally equivalent manner
9. Genetic counseling – A specially trained medical counselor having a discussion with parents who are considering having a baby with a disability based on the prospective parents genetic background.
10. Intellectual disability – Is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and practical adaptive behaviors as expressed in conceptual social, and practical adaptive skills. The disability originated before the age 18. It refers to the same population of individuals who were diagnosed previously with mental retardation.
11. Maintenance – Is the extent to which a learner continues to exhibit a previously learned behavior after a portion or all of the instructional intervention originally used to teach the skills was terminated.
12. Normal curve – A mathematically derived curve depicting the theoretical pro ability of a given variable in the general population.
13. Normalization – The belief that individuals with disabilities should do the maximum extent possible. They should be physically and socially integrated into the mainstream of society regardless of their degree or type of disability. As an approach to intervention, the use of progressively more normal settings and procedures to establish or maintain personal behaviors which are as culturally normal as possible.
14. Norm- referenced test – A test conducted so that a person’s score can be compared with others of the same age or grade level. Contrast with the criterion referenced test.
15. Perinatal – Occurring at or immediately after birth.

16. Phenylketonuria – An inherited metabolic disease that can cause severe mental retardation can now be detected at birth, and the detrimental effects can be prevented with a special diet.
17. Pica – A form of self injurious behavior in which the person ingests non nutritive substances, exhibited by some people with moderate to severe mental retardation.
18. Positive reinforcement – Presentation of a stimulus or event immediately after a response has been emitted, which has the primary effect of increasing the occurrence of similar responses in the future.
19. Postnatal – Occurring after birth.
20. Practice stage of learning – After a student has learned how to perform a new
skill, he should work to develop fluency with the target skill. Feedback during this stage should emphasize the rate or speed with which the student correctly performs the new skill. Compared with the acquisition stage of learning.
21. Prenatal – Occurring before birth
22. Rubella – German measles, when contracted by a woman during the first
trimester of pregnancy, may cause visual impairments, hearing impairments,
intellectual disabilities, or other congenital impairments in a child.
23. Standard deviation – describes how a particular score varies from mean, or
average, of all the scores in the norming sample.
24. Task analysis – Breaking a complex skill or chain of behaviors into smaller, and
teachable units.

Discussion 09.2: Visual Effectiveness

Paper details The text suggests that gender differences in development may pave the way for future differences in misbehaving. Each of us have had different experiences growing up. You may have had brothers and sisters or may be an only child. Write a post and discuss 2 examples from your own childhood experiences that have had an impact, positively or negatively, on your current life. Incorporate concepts from your reading including socialization, emotional, cognitive, and personality differences. (You may use another person as an example for this discussion if you choose.)

Discussion 04.1: Motion to Suppress

Paper details Timmy ‘da thief’ Edwards was riding in the backseat of a car when it was pulled over by the state police in Nowhere, Arizona. The officers had scanned the license of the car and found that it was “expired.” Although the stop was solely predicated on the expired plate, the officers began to question the car’s occupants, including Timmy, about criminal activity in the area. Based on certain circumstantial evidence, such as Timmy’s possession of a police scanner, and a guilty look on his face, the officers asked Timmy to exit the car so that they could question him further. Although Timmy was free to stay in the car, he voluntarily exited and a subsequent search of his person by the officers revealed a stolen handgun and a small amount of marijuana. Based on evidence obtained during this search, Timmy was charged in Arizona state court of (1) the unlawful possession of a weapon as a prohibited possessor and (2) possession of marijuana. Timmy’s attorney has filed a motion to suppress the evidence alleging this was an unlawful search and seizure.

If your last name begins with A-M, post as Timmy’s defense lawyer, arguing that the officer violated the rules and the evidence should be suppressed. Explain why.
If your last name begins with N-Z, post as the prosecutor arguing that the officer committed no violation. Explain why.
Your replies should be rebuttals to the opposing party’s arguments. Make sure you refer back to cases we have covered to make your argument.

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