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Moral Rules

Paper details You try to live strictly by the moral rules contained in your religion’s moral code. The two most important rules are “Be merciful” (don’t give people what they deserve) and “Be just” (give people exactly what they deserve). Now suppose a man is arrested for stealing food from your house, and the police leave it up to you whether he should be prosecuted for his crime or set free. Should you be merciful and set him free, or be just and make sure he is appropriately punished? How do you resolve this conflict of rules? Can your moral code resolve it? To what moral principles or theories do you appeal?

Final Exam

Paper details For the final exam assignment, write an essay (multiparagraph) summary that defines following theories and identify key philosophers:

Greek/Roman Philosophical traditions

Once you have done that, identify which of the schools you feel is the strongest and detail why.

Please use direct quotes from the text to help illustrate their ideas, followed by a simple page number (Soccio, 15). Type this double-spaced, Times New Roman Font Size 12–Please save the file as a Word Doc or a PDF–do NOT use any other file formats! You will not need to use any other sources than the Archetypes of Wisdom text or the Powerpoints

I gave you two powerpoints. You can use those. If you have access to that textbook you can use the textboook as well.

Class work

Paper details Before or after working through Kant’s text, I suggest you watch the following video lecture on Kant. In it, I try to crystalize the main points of Kant’s theory. https://youtu.be/KBj71gbOZxg

Thenbegin your preparation for the class discussion by listening to an experiment that investigates a scientific question: what brain functions are involved in moral decisions? What might science perhaps tell us about moral decision of animals and human beings?

Your task for the class discussion is to critically discuss the third exemplary case in the Morality Episode on RadioLab as a moral choice (the mother who has to decide whether she kills her own child to save the villagers from being killed). Does the mother who sacrifices her child act according to the moral law as defined by Kant? Please develop your argument. Please lean on the discussion in the lecture to help you answer this question.

Some advice:

Make sure that your argument consists in a clear thesis statement, premises, and a conclusion and that it is your own work. This means, if you post later than your fellow students, you must have read their posts and add new insights to the overall discussion.

Please include your sources diligently in parenthesis (author, page). If you quote from the lecture at all feel free to just put my name in parenthesis after the quote.

Extra credit
Are humans the only moral animals? Develop an argument supporting your answer being sure to mention what it takes to be considered a “moral” animal.

Marriage Equality

Paper details 800 words. Incorporating feedback from the instructor on your Final Essay Proposal, and using the entire semester’s readings, you will fairly and respectfully explain and analyze each opposing viewpoint in your chosen topic. Below is a sample framework:

Introduction (~100 words): Briefly provide any background information your reader would need to understand this topic and the nature of the controversy.
Opposing View 1 (~300 words): Cite to the someone (individual or group) who has this viewpoint. Fairly and respectfully explain this viewpoint, using external sources. Using our readings, assess the philosophical and ethical reasons for and implications of this viewpoint. Pay special attention to any structures of oppression, the form of oppression, and who is participating in or victimized by the oppression.
Opposing View 2 (~300 words): Cite to the someone (individual or group) who has this viewpoint. Fairly and respectfully explain this viewpoint, using external sources. Using our readings, assess the philosophical and ethical reasons for and implications of this viewpoint. Pay special attention to any structures of oppression, the form of oppression, and who is participating in or victimized by the oppression.
Conclusion (~100 words): Briefly provide your personal opinion on the controversy.
NOTE: Students are expected to read 100% of the assignments. Whether students are completing the readings will be apparent within all of our assignments, wherein explicit and frequent application of our materials—with page citations—is always required.

MY NOTES:
my Topic is Marriage Equality and I am considering the sides 1) In favor of gay parents and 2) opposed for gay parents. In order for me to demonstrate one of my opposing view on my essay I will use a news story by nbcnews written by Pete Williams where they talk about how the Supreme Court is in favor on of Catholic charity that wouldn’t. allow same-sex parents”. Indeed, for me to proof my second point of view I will use an article from “The Washington Post” written by Heather Long, which talks about how children with raised by same-sex couples do better in school. Below you can find two external website to be used on the essay. At least 2 more is needed. (4 required).

https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/02/06/children-raised-by-same-sex-couples-do-better-school-new-study-finds/

https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/supreme-court/supreme-court-rules-catholic-charity-fight-over-religious-freedom-anti-n1271148

I will also add the book readings that need to be used on the essay that will be attached to the order. Please make sure to have at least 12 citations from these book reading applying all you can to the essay.

SUMMARY: 4 external website citations (2 already given) and 12 total at least 16 citations. book reading citations from files attached. Any question please let me know. it is important to carefully follow the guide.

Morality

Paper details Socrates asks Euthyphro, “Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally good, or are they morally good because they are willed by God?” (1) How does this question relate to the Divine Command Theory of morality? (2) What are the philosophical implications associated with each option here (CO4)?

Writer’s Choice

Paper details Prompt: Clearly our society is divided on what is even true, what is real, what a fact is, etc. This is where Plato and Descartes can come in and help us grapple with the process of knowing and dismissing falsehoods (basically realizing what is true vs what is false). How can Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” and Descartes’ Meditations be used to help us know what is true from what is false and what is real from what is not real? Consider how they define enlightenment, ignorance, knowledge, certainty, and God. You don’t have to discuss all of these concepts. These are just some ideas. Feel free to bring in Hume as well, though this is not required.

– Format: 1) This can be a formal, analytical essay (intro., body paragraphs, conclusion).

2) Or a fun dialogue (like a script) between Plato and Descartes! Think of it as a hypothetical conversation between Plato and Descartes or something along the lines of “a Platonist and Cartesian walk into a bar/coffee shop…” – what’s their conversation like?!). Think about what their similarities and differences are on these following topics. Try to provide a comprehensive analysis of these two schools of thought.

– Think of your audience as someone who is your age and cognitively capable of understanding this, but who has never read Descartes and Plato before.

Chose One of the Three

Paper details Please pick one of the following questions to answer for the forum this week:

1. With reference to Pike’s article, how could it be said that Divine Omniscience challenges the idea that humans have free will?
2. With reference to Anselm’s Ontological Argument for the existence of God, evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of his argument.
3.Evaluate the Teleological argument for God’s existence and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses as an empirical argument.

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