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Tools in animal and human life

Does the ability of animals to use tools signify an intelligence level close to that of humans? Many people define intelligence as the ability to adapt to your environment, or make your environment serve your purposes. Is animal tool use symbolic of that definition of intelligence? Tool use in primates is particularly interesting because it sheds light on the abilities and lifestyles of early humans.

Psy 301 W4 Social Psychology D2

As mentioned in your textbook, what matters is the intent of the action, not necessarily the action itself. Describe the various origins of aggressive behavior, and discuss the gender differences in how aggression is developed and presented. Additionally, describe the aggression cues that we encounter in our social world through the media, the presence of weapons, alcohol and drug consumption, the environment, etc. How do these cues influence our capacity to behave in an aggressive manner?

Letter from a European immigrant in the early 1800s

You have recently arrived in the United States and are about to
write your first letter to a friend back home.

Your letter should be two
or three paragraphs long. It should include at least four of the following:

o  Reasons for leaving Europe

o  Reasons for going to the United States

o  Brief description of your trip

o  Description of your living conditions

o  Social conditions you have encountered

o  Job prospects for your family

Psy 301 W4 Social Psychology D1

What does it mean for someone to behave altruistically? What is gained from this action, and how does it differ from egoistic behavior? What are some reasons why people would want to help one another, without regard for personal gain or benefit?  In addition, explain the bystander effect.  If we all have a genuine desire to help one another, why is the effect so common?  How can we prevent it from occurring?

Internal Rate of Return

$500 today and expect to receive $ 50,000 in 40 years.
Your cost of capital for this (very risk) opportunity is 15%.

What is the IRR? What does the IRR rule say
about whether the investment should be undertaken?

What is the NPV? What does the NPV rule suggest?

What is the IRR?

The IRR of this investment opportunity is
_________%(round to one decimal place.)

2. You are a real estate agent thinking of placing a sign
advertising your services at a local bus stop. The sign will cost $8,000 and
will be posted for one year. You expect that it will generate additional
revenue of $ 1,040 a month. What is the payback period?

The payback period is ________months.(round to two decimal

3. You are considering making a movie. The movie is expected
to cost $10.6 million upfront and take a year to make. After that, it is
expected to make $4.4 million in the year it is released (end of year 2) and $
1.9 million for the following four years (end of years 3 through6). What is the
payback period of this investment? If you require a payback period of two
years, will you make the movies? Does the movie have positive NPV if the cost
of capital is 10.5%?

The payback period is __________years. (round up to nearest

Based on the payback period requirement, would you make this
movie?____.(select from the drop-down menu.)

4. AOL is considering two proposals to overhaul its network
infrastructure .  They have received two
bids. The first bid from Huawei will require a $ 15 million upfront investment
and will generate $20 million in savings for AOL each year for the next 3
years. The second bid from Cisco requires a $80 million upfront investment and
will generate $60 million in savings each year for the next 3 years.

What is the IRR for AOL associated with each

If the cost of capital for each investment is
15%, what is the Net Present Value(NPV) of each bid?_______

Suppose Cisco modifies its bid by offering a lease contract
instead. Under the terms of the lease, AOL will pay $22 million upfront, ad $35
million per year for the next 3 years. AOL savings will be the same as with
Cisco’s original bid.

What is the IRR of the Cisco bid now?____

What is the new NPV?_____

should AOL do?_____

A. What is the IRR for AOL associated with each bid?  The IRR associated with the first bid from
Huawe is _______%.(round to one decimal place.)

5. Natasha’s Flowers, a local florist, purchases fresh
flowers each day at the local flower market. The buyer has a budget of $1,040
per day to spend. Different flowers have different profit margins, and also a
maximum amount the shop can sell.

Based on past experience the shop has estimated the
following NPV of purchasing each type:

  NPV per
bunch  Cost per bunch  Max. Bunches



$6   $34  10


What combination of flowers the shop should purchase each

(select from the drop-down menus in descending order of
their profitability- index values. Round the investment amounts to the nearest

The combination of flowers the shop should purchase each day
 is $___of_____,$______ of______,
and  $____of________.

6. Pisa Pizza, a seller of frozen pizza, is considering
introducing a healthier version of its pizza that will be low in cholesterol
and contain no trans fats. The firm expects that a sales of the new pizza will
be $18 million per year. While many of these sales will be to new customers,
Pisa Pizza estimates that 30% will come from customers who switch to the new,
healthier pizza instead of buying the original version

A. Assume customers will spend the same amount on either
version. What level of incremental sales is associated with introducing the new

The incremental sales are$_ _______million.(round to the
nearest integer.)

7. Cellular Access Inc. is a cellular telephone service
provider that reported net operating profit after tax(NOPAT) of $255 million
for the most recent fiscal year.  The
firm had depreciation expenses of $130 million, capital expenditures of $190
million, and no interest expenses. Working capital increased by $11 million .
Calculate the free cash flow for Cellular Access for the most recent fiscal

The free cash flow is $_____ million.( round to the nearest

8. Castle View Games would like to invest in a division to
develop software for video games. To evaluate this decision, the firm first
attempts to project the working capital needs for the this operation. Its chief
financial officer has developed the following estimates( in millions of

Year1  Year2  Year3  Year4  year5

Cash  7  11  16  16  16

Accounts receivable 
19  26  26  25   25

Inventory  6  9  12  14  15

Accounts payable  16  20  25  28   34

Assuming that Castle View currently does not have any
working capital invested in this division, calculate the cash flows associated
with changes in working capital for the first five years of this investment.(Enter
decreases as negative numbers.)

9. Markov Manufacturing recently spent $16 million to
purchase some equipment used in the manufacture of disk drives, The firm
expects that this equipment will have a useful life of five years, and its
marginal corporate tax rate is 28%. The company plans to use straight-line

What is the annual depreciation expense is $
______ million.(round to two decimal places.)

10. Bauer Industries is an automobile manufacturer.
Management is currently evaluating a proposal to build a plant that will manufacture
lightweight trucks. Bauer plans to use a cost of capital of 12% to evaluate
this project. Based on extensive research, it has prepared the following
increment free cash flow projections (in millions of dollars):

Free Cash Flow ($000,000s)   Y ear0  Year1-9  Year10

110.00  110.00

-Manufacturing expenses(other than depreciation)  -36.00 

-Marketing expenses 
 -9.00  -9.00

-14.80  -14.80


 50.20  5020

=Taxes (35%) 
17.57  -17.57

=Unlevered net income  32.63  32.63

14.80  14.80

– Increases in Net Working Capital   -5.00  -5.00

-Capital expenditures 

Continuation value 

=Free cash flow   -148.00  42.43  53.43

For this base case scenario, what is the NPV of
the plant to manufacture lightweight trucks?

Based on input from the marketing department,
Bauer is uncertain about its revenue forecast. In particular, management would
like to examine the sensitivity of the 
NPV to the revenue assumptions. What is the NPV of this project if
revenues are 10% higher than forecast? WHAT IS THE NPV IF REVENUES ARE 10%

A. For this base case scenario the NPV is $ _________
million. (round to two decimal places.)

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